Akathisia: A Distressing Movement Disorder


Akathisia, derived from the Greek words "a" (no), "katha" (to sit), and "isia" (condition), refers to an irresistible urge to move, characterized by restlessness, pacing, and an inability to sit or lie still for prolonged periods. This condition often manifests as a distressing sensation of inner tension and anxiety that drives the affected individual to seek constant motion.

Associated Diseases

Akathisia is predominantly associated with certain medications, particularly antipsychotic drugs used to treat conditions like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. It is also observed in individuals taking antidepressants, e.g., selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and antiemetics, such as domperidone. Other less common causes include Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and brain tumors.

Did you Know ?

Approximately 20-60% of individuals receiving antipsychotic medications experience akathisia. This staggering prevalence underscores the significance of recognizing and addressing the condition effectively.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is not exhaustive by any means. Always consult your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition, procedure, or treatment, whether it is a prescription medication, over-the-counter drug, vitamin, supplement, or herbal alternative.