**Headline: Unlocking the Secrets of ACAD10: A Comprehensive Guide to Function and Dysfunction

Introduction: ACAD10, an essential enzyme in the body, plays a pivotal role in fatty acid metabolism and energy production. Understanding its function and potential dysfunctions is crucial for overall health. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the world of ACAD10, exploring its associated diseases, fascinating statistics, and the latest research findings.

Description: ACAD10 (acyl-CoA dehydrogenase 10) is a mitochondrial enzyme responsible for the dehydrogenation of fatty acids during beta-oxidation, a vital metabolic pathway that generates energy for the body. By removing hydrogen atoms from acyl-CoA molecules, ACAD10 enables the breakdown of fats into smaller molecules that can be utilized as fuel.

Associated Diseases: Dysfunction of ACAD10 can lead to a range of metabolic disorders, including:

  • Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD): A genetic disorder in which the body is unable to properly metabolize certain fats. MCADD can cause episodes of hypoglycemia, seizures, and even sudden death if not promptly treated.
  • Very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD): A similar genetic disorder that affects the breakdown of very long-chain fatty acids. VLCADD can cause liver damage, cardiomyopathy, and other complications.
  • Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency (CPT II deficiency): A rare disorder that impairs the transport of fatty acids into the mitochondria for beta-oxidation. CPT II deficiency can lead to hypoglycemia, muscle weakness, and cardiomyopathy.

Did you Know ? The incidence of MCADD, the most common ACAD10-related disorder, is estimated to be 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 40,000 newborns worldwide. Early diagnosis and treatment of MCADD are crucial to preventing severe complications.


  1. National Institutes of Health (NIH): Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD):
  2. American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG): Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Medium-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase (MCAD) Deficiency:

Additional Information on Latest Research: Ongoing research is exploring new avenues for ACAD10-related disease treatment, with promising advancements in the areas of:

  • Enzyme replacement therapy: Researchers are investigating the potential of using genetically engineered enzymes to replace or supplement deficient ACAD10.
  • Gene therapy: This approach aims to correct the genetic defects that cause ACAD10 dysfunction.
  • Dietary modifications: Specific dietary plans, such as avoiding certain types of fats, may help manage symptoms and improve outcomes in individuals with ACAD10 deficiencies.

Conclusion: ACAD10 is an essential enzyme that plays a central role in energy metabolism. Dysfunctions in ACAD10 can lead to a spectrum of metabolic disorders, ranging from mild to severe. By deepening our understanding of ACAD10's function and associated diseases, we can enhance diagnostic capabilities, improve patient outcomes, and continue to uncover new therapeutic strategies. As research progresses, the future holds hope for more effective treatments and improved quality of life for individuals affected by ACAD10-related conditions.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is not exhaustive by any means. Always consult your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition, procedure, or treatment, whether it is a prescription medication, over-the-counter drug, vitamin, supplement, or herbal alternative.