Understanding a4gnt: A Comprehensive Guide


a4gnt is a gene located on the X chromosome that encodes a protein known as angiogenin. Angiogenin is a growth factor that plays a crucial role in the formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis). It is involved in various biological processes, including tissue repair, wound healing, and embryonic development.

Associated Diseases

Mutations in the a4gnt gene have been linked to several medical conditions, including:

  • Amyloidosis: A rare condition characterized by the deposition of amyloid protein in various organs, leading to organ damage.
  • Cutaneous Amyloidosis: A specific type of amyloidosis that affects the skin, causing thickening, itching, and discoloration.
  • Angiogenesis-Dependent Tumors: Angiogenin is essential for tumor growth and metastasis. Increased expression of angiogenin has been observed in various types of cancer, including breast, lung, and colorectal cancer.

Did you Know ?

According to research published in the journal "Nature Medicine," a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the a4gnt gene has been associated with a 25% increased risk of developing amyloidosis. This SNP affects the expression of angiogenin, potentially leading to its dysregulation and the development of the disease.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is not exhaustive by any means. Always consult your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition, procedure, or treatment, whether it is a prescription medication, over-the-counter drug, vitamin, supplement, or herbal alternative.